The knee joint consists of the tibiofemoral joint, where the upper leg bone (femur) hinges to the large bone of the lower leg (tibia). The patellofemoral joint completes the knee joint, where the knee cap connects to and glides along the femur. The bones of the knee joint are held together with ligaments, such as the collateral ligaments and cruciate ligaments. The knee joint is further supported by large, dynamic muscles, which apply forces to stabilize the joint. In between the femur and tibia, are two menisci, which are pads of cartilage and act to additionally stabilize the knee and provide shock absorption. An injury to any of these structures can become a source of knee pain and debilitation. Our therapists at GVPT treat all types of knee pain including:
- Osteoarthritis/Degenerative Joint Disease: Degeneration of the cartilage that covers the articulating surfaces of the bones of the knee, resulting in inflammation, knee pain, reduced range of motion, or decline in functional mobility.
- Ligamentous Injuries: Injury to one or more of the collateral or cruciate ligaments. Instability, pain, and functional limitations may result.
- Meniscus Injuries: Damage or tearing of the meniscal cartilage either from trauma or wear and tear
- Patello-femoral joint syndrome: The knee cap moves in an abnormal pattern in relation to the femur, resulting in irritation/inflammation and pain around the knee cap. Usually associated with imbalances in flexibility and strength of the muscles surrounding the knee joint
- Post-surgical Rehabilitation: Treatment provided after ligament repair, meniscal repair or removal, arthroscopic surgeries, total knee replacements, etc.
Our therapists aim to treat injuries to, and pain in, the knee by:
- Reducing symptoms through modalities, exercise, and manual techniques
- Evaluating and treating the source of the problem, including specific muscular tightness or weakness, abnormal foot mechanics, or abnormal movements caused by patients’ work, sport, or lifestyle
- Providing each patient with an individualized home exercise program to prevent re occurrence of the knee problem.